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Hoe tikt jouw klok? : Een exploratief onderzoek naar de tijdsbeleving in narratieve toekomstverbeelding aan de hand van toekomstbrieven bij mensen met een psychiatrische achtergrond

Preen, Daniela (2013) Hoe tikt jouw klok? : Een exploratief onderzoek naar de tijdsbeleving in narratieve toekomstverbeelding aan de hand van toekomstbrieven bij mensen met een psychiatrische achtergrond.

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Abstract:Goal: The study aims to explore the time perception of psychiatric patients based on narrative futuring in the form of future letters and to compare those with a non-clinical group. It aims additionally to explore the relationship between time-perception elements and well-being. Background: Time perception and especially the ability of futuring plays a huge role for how people feel, how they think and how they act. Former studies show that both factors matter concerning the well-being. Literature shows that a slow time perception, i.e. in times of boredom, can cause depressive problems. The ability of imagining the achievement of certain goals seems to play an important part in handling difficult situations. Method: The study examines time perception on base of future letters. A future letter is a letter a person writes to itself whilst pretending to write from future’s point of view to today’s self. Letters are written by a psychiatric group. In total 43 letters of psychiatric patients in Germany were collected. Those letters are compared with an existing dataset of 60 letters written in the Netherlands for previous studies. A questionnaire about well-being (MHC-SF) to examine the relationship between time perception and well-being is been used. Results: Characteristic for the clinical group is a less future orientated time perception, a shorter time horizon and less well-being. Characteristic for the non-clinical group is a future orientated time perception, a wider time horizon and more well-being. The rapidity of writing showed an opposing relation to the expected relation. Averaged, writers of the clinical group wrote faster than respondents of the non-clinical groups. The study also shows a relation between well-being and future-orientated tenses (prospective past and prospective present) and the rapidity of writing. Conclusion: The results show that a lower well-being relates to the clinical group, less use of future-orientated tenses and slower writing. Still, the correlation doesn’t seem to relate 1:1 between the clinical and non-clinical group.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/63535
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