University of Twente Student Theses


The Rise and the Danger of Right-Wing Terrorism in the EU: Facing the Challenge of Improving Security and Detecting Loopholes

Höher, Carolin (2013) The Rise and the Danger of Right-Wing Terrorism in the EU: Facing the Challenge of Improving Security and Detecting Loopholes.

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Abstract:This thesis argues that the crimes of the NSU in Germany and Anders Behring Breivik in Norway have revealed deficiencies of the EU’s counter terrorism policy and strategies to conquer racism, fascism and any kind of hate crime motivated by a certain ideology. It intends to evaluate the current EU security policies and detect loopholes and barriers which are currently blocking further developments and improvements. Already existing institutions and policies are described along with the correspondent articles from the Lisbon treaty, and compared to the policies actually utilized to solve the problems of hate crime, racism and the rise of the right wing political parties in EU Member States. Is is not a moral approach dealing with the question of how far does freedom of speech reach and when does public harassment and crime begin, but rather sets as a basis that any crime and harassment, coming from a large group or a small group and dealing with violent expression of a certain ideology, is considered an issue the European Citizens, regardless of sex, race religion or country of origin, have the right to be protected from, as stated in the Charta of Fundamental Human Rights in the EU. On the basis of the fundamental human rights, loopholes and problems that need to be addressed are identified in this paper. The thesis argues that there are various incentives for underestimating the threat on the national level, empirical cases of failure to prevent terrorism on the national level, differing opinions on legal interpretations which all together calls for a stronger EU-level counter-terrorism competences and a clear EU-level definition of terrorism which encompasses the recent right wing terrorist attacks of Anders Breivik in Norway and the NSU in Germany.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:89 political science
Programme:European Studies BSc (56627)
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