University of Twente Student Theses


Jong gescheiden, is oud gedaan

Vissers, Judith (2013) Jong gescheiden, is oud gedaan.

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Abstract:A waste separation system has been designed on behalf of Twente Milieu. This waste separation system is aimed at elementary-school classes, and is meant to support the project “Wereldverbeteraars.” During this project, children learn about a sustainable society, and among other things, to separate their waste. When designing a waste separation system for use in elementary schools, many things should be taken into account. Functional aspects regarding the environment and use of the product are of great importance. For example, the place of the product in the classroom, and the ways to distinguish between the different waste flows. Keeping in line with the project Wereldverbeteraars the product should be aimed at the educational target and the related target group: pupils between the ages of 4 and 12 years. These aspects have been taken into account during the designing of the “Afvalhappers” (Figure 1). Results from a physically executed sorting-analysis show that paper, synthetic packing material, organic waste and rest waste are the biggest waste flows in a classroom. Teachers had different views about the collecting organic waste. It’s easy to separate, but in a classroom it soon becomes a source of stench. Because of these different views, a modular design has been chosen. This makes it possible to expand the product with extra waste flows in the future. The product should also be space-efficient, since most classrooms have limited space to realize this. The sides of the Afvalhappers are straight, and so they can be placed against a wall and against each other. This also enables the sliding bins to sit inside of the housing without wasting any space. Research has shown that the product has to grab the attention of the children and give them the idea that they have the skills to separate their own waste. Furthermore, they should see the relevance of their actions. This last aspect is dealt with via the educational program of the Wereldverbeteraars project. The Afvalhappers could grab the children’s attention by having different colors and shapes for their disposal holes. The aspect ratios of the shapes are different for all three Afvalhappers. The “Papierhapper” is thick and plump, while the “Plastichapper” is very slim. This gives each of them their own character. The Afvalhappers have a calm and orderly appearance. Each of them has its own color and shape for the disposal hole. For the younger classes, each Afvalhapper has clear pictures of what should be disposed in each one. All these features together should make children feel skilled enough to separate their own waste. This gives them self-confidence and makes them more motivated for participating in the project. The bins for each waste-flow are placed next to each other, and are at most 55 cm high so small children can reach them too. The top of each Afvalhapper where the disposal-hole is located, is tilted slightly toward the user. This makes the disposal-holes stand out more, and makes it easier for small children to throw their waste into it. On the front panel of each Afvalhapper are pictures of products that are produced with the collected waste. This will also motivate the children to participate well in the project. The design of the Afvalhappers is aimed at practical use inside a classroom, and it should speak to the pupils. In order to be able to produce the product, research has to be done to find suitable materials and production methods. Before producing the product, usage tests should be conducted with prototypes of the product. In this way it can be checked whether the product will be a success, and the design could be enhanced if necessary.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:20 art studies
Programme:Industrial Design BSc (56955)
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