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Exposure to tobacco promotion among dutch adolescents and young adults

Kruize, C.M. (2013) Exposure to tobacco promotion among dutch adolescents and young adults.

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Abstract:Many of the current treatment methods in mental health care are focused on a problem-oriented approach. In treatment, the problem is central. However, a solution-oriented approach, like solution focused therapy (SFT), is increasingly applied, where the focus relies on the future, previous successes and solutions instead of the client’s problem. With this method the client is asked which behavior accured before the complainment. Previous research has shown that the effect of SFT is not greater than other treatment methods, but the autonomy is more guaranteed making it a more positive effect in a short time. Because of the shift from clinical to ambulatory care, it is important to have an effective treatment method in shorter time. Healthcare needs to be improved by making healthcare more client orientated, so that the quality of care will be improved. Still, given the dominant focus on problems in healthcare, to be able to apply a solution-oriented approach, healthcare professionals need adequate training to adopt new skills and to successfully integrate solution-focused principles in their work. In this study, it is examined which themes play a role in socializing solution-oriented skills for new employees in a healthcare institution for people with intellectual disabilities. Interview data of longitudinal qualitative research conducted over three participants over a period of a year were used to answer the research question. The interviews were analyzed using the holistic content approach. The results show that awareness, reflection, acquiring knowledge, collaboration with colleagues and the psychological contract are important factors in the socialization process of solution-oriented skills. These findings show that different aspects are of influence in the socialization process, but unclear is how these aspects relate in the socialization process. In addition, some techniques from SFT seem not yet to be tuned for mental disability care, which probably will make it more difficult to socialize the method. Follow-up studies need to focus on the implementation of SFT at mental disabled and how the various factors relate in the socialization process.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/64067
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