De waargenomen ernst en pleegweerstand van offline en online delicten onder jongeren

Heij, F.M. (2013) De waargenomen ernst en pleegweerstand van offline en online delicten onder jongeren.

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Abstract:This research focuses on the perceived seriousness and resistance that young people experience when they are asked to emphasize with an online or offline crime. A literature study shows that the online disinhibition effect (Suler, 2004) may underlie the differences that result after evaluation of an online or offline crime. Suler defines online disinhibition as the reduction of behavioral inhibition in the online environment. The expectation preceding the experiment was that the evaluation of an online crime would result in little perceived seriousness and little resistance against committing the crime which was described in the scenario. The evaluation of an offline crime would have the opposite effect; high perceived seriousness and a high resistance. This research used a questionnaire which investigated the perceived seriousness, resistance and the dimensions of Suler (2004). The questionnaire started with a fictional scenario which the respondents were asked to empathize with. This scenario would regard fraude or threat which was performed online or offline (a 2 x 2 factorial design). 150 respondents (young people between the ages of 13 and 18), were randomly assigned to the different versions of the questionnaire. This expectation wasn’t what was found by this research. There were no main effects found after conducting analyses of variance (ANOVA’s) of the way the crime was conducted (online or offline) on the dependent variables. There were some main effects of the type of crime on the dependent variables; moral reprehensibility, emotional consequences and the asynchronicity; direct consequences. This research cannot prove a significant influence of the way the crime was conducted on the dependent variables. Due to this reason the hypothesis: “the assessment of an online- crime, has a significant effect on a higher perceived seriousness by young people and a lower resistance they have against performing the crime”, will be rejected. This research cannot prove a significant influence of the online disinihibition effect on the evaluation of an online delict. Implications for further research are discussed.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/64073
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