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Effect of incubation on the resolution of Tip-of-the-Tongue states and the relation with attention and concentration

Kuipers, S.C. (2013) Effect of incubation on the resolution of Tip-of-the-Tongue states and the relation with attention and concentration.

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Abstract:This study replicates Choi and Smith (2005) and Masselink (2012) and takes a closer look at the effect of incubation and tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) strength on the resolution of these “TOTs”. In other words, is it better to try to find the correct target word after an incubation period, or is it better to stay persistent and keep trying? Thirty participants were asked general knowledge questions. All questions were repeated, some immediately and some after an incubation period. Participant had to respond to each question not knowing the answer, knowing the answer or experiencing a TOT. If a TOT was experienced, the strength of the TOT had to be reported on a scale of 1-4, ranging from weak to very strong. In addition, the relation between attention and concentration and TOT resolution or TOT incidence was explored. The results replicated Choi and Smith (2005) and Masselink (2012), stating that there is a clear effect of incubation and TOT state. The resolution rate was higher for initially unsolved items that were retested after an incubation period. Results also showed that TOTs are more likely to be resolved than non-TOTs and stronger TOTs are more likely to be resolved than weaker TOTs. No relation was found between attention and concentration and TOT resolution or TOT incidence.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/64108
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