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The Development of an Alcohol-Specific Compensatory Health Belief Scale

Ricker, C.U. (2013) The Development of an Alcohol-Specific Compensatory Health Belief Scale.

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Abstract:Objective: The excessive consumption of alcohol is a current and serious problem in our society. Although the majority knows about the negative consequences of alcohol it is still the most popular drug around the world. The knowledge about the negative consequences and simultaneously the ongoing consumption of alcohol can evoke a state of cognitive dissonance, which is a state of discomfort. There are many ways to reduce the dissonance and one possibility is to hold compensatory health beliefs (CHBs). In the case of alcohol, compensatory health beliefs are beliefs that the irreversible negative effects of excessive alcohol consumption can be counterbalanced or neutralized by healthy behavior. The aim of this study was to create a valid and reliable scale that measures alcohol-specific compensatory health beliefs. Design: For the analysis cross-sectional data were used. Subjects: The sample consisted of 167 subjects. The mean age was 21.28 years and the majority of participants were students from the University of Twente. Method: The developed alcohol-specific compensatory health belief scale was tested for its validity, reliability and predictive value. Furthermore a mediator and moderator analysis was conducted. Results: Evidence was found that the developed alcohol-specific compensatory health belief scale is reliable and valid. A Cronbach’s alpha of α=0,88 was found for the developed scale. CHB score was significantly negative related to binge drinking behavior. Conclusion: The developed alcohol-specific compensatory health belief scale is a valid and reliable instrument to measure the overall tendency of using alcohol-specific compensatory health beliefs.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/64143
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