University of Twente Student Theses


Onderzoek naar het Effect van Seeking Safety Behandeling op Depressie, Angst en Stress bij Cliënten met Verslaving en PTSS

Rozendal, Iris (2013) Onderzoek naar het Effect van Seeking Safety Behandeling op Depressie, Angst en Stress bij Cliënten met Verslaving en PTSS.

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Abstract:Addiction or Substance Use Disorder (SUD) is a state in which an individual cannot function without a certain remedy or a habit. With traumatic situations, the ability to process this experience falls short, which causes intense, emotional reactions. PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) is a disorder that could develop after traumatic experiences. PTSD is highly prevalent in SUD populations. The goal of this study is to examine the effects of Seeking Safety. Seeking Safety is a cognitive behaviour psychotherapy in which ‘safety’ is an important component. This therapy is developed to treat both SUD and PTSD. Former studies have proven the effectiveness of Seeking Safety. Though, these effects have not been proven within The Netherlands. The current study is part of a randomized control trial, with a population of outpatient clients. There are two groups of participants. The experimental group follows Seeking Safety treatment and Treatment as Usual (TAU). The control group follows only TAU. The current research investigates the DASS (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale). Researched is the existence of a difference between the two different measuring times and between the two groups. In order to research this, a Repeated Measures Anova was executed. The most significant outcome of the current research was that there have not been found any significant differences between the experimental and the control group, according to DASS total score and to the subscales depression, anxiety and stress. The outcomes of this research differ from the expected outcomes. Possible explanations are: the small amount of participants, the possible quality difference of the amount of minimally finished sessions and the possible influence of an open-group format. Strong points of this current research are: strict inclusion criteria, high reliability and high validity of the DASS. Practice recommendations are: to offer Seeking safety as a sole treatment and as a combination with trauma processing treatment and to offer Seeking Safety as an open-group format and as a closed-group format. Recommendations for further research are: to do more research on the effects of Seeking Safety in The Netherlands, to do more qualitative research to improve Seeking Safety, to repeat current study, to research the effects of increasing the amount of minimally finished sessions and to count the amount of finished sessions.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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