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Risicofactoren voor een laag welbevinden : een onderzoek naar de relatie van eenzaamheid, gezondheidsproblemen en een lage sociaaleconomische status met het welbevinden

Veenvliet, K. (2013) Risicofactoren voor een laag welbevinden : een onderzoek naar de relatie van eenzaamheid, gezondheidsproblemen en een lage sociaaleconomische status met het welbevinden.

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Abstract:Background More attention should be paid to mental health from a positive perspective. Positive mental health consists of three components: emotional well-being, psychological well-being and social well-being. A low well-being has a lot of disadvantages, therefore it is important to explore potential risk factors that can cause a low well-being. Objective This research examines if loneliness, health and a low socioeconomic status will lead to a lower well-being in a Dutch population. It also examines whether the accumulation of these three risk factors leads to a lower well-being. Methods This research uses data from the LISS-panel. The LISS-panel is an internet panel which randomly selects households from the Netherlands. The LISS-panel is therefore representative for the Dutch population. Well-being is measured with the Dutch Mental Health Continuum – Short Form. Loneliness is measured with the shortened Loneliness-scale from De Jong Gierveld and Van Tilburg. Health problems were measured with multiple questions about health and socioeconomic status was determined with income and education. Results Results show that 41.5% of the respondents are lonely, 62.2% have health problems and 53.2% have a low socioeconomic status. The more lonely people are, the lower their well-being. The more health problems, the lower the well-being and the lower their socioeconomic status, the lower their well-being. The results show no relation between the accumulation of the three risk factors and well-being. Discussion There needs to be more research into the prevalence of the risk factors and the influence of the (accumulation of the) three risk factors on well-being. Finally, specific psychosocial interventions should be developed for people who are lonely, or have health problems or have a low socioeconomic status. These interventions should be developed because of the high prevalence of the risk factors and the negative consequences of the risk factors.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/64191
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