University of Twente Student Theses


Een review op basis van het persuasive system design (PSD): online interventies maken nauwelijks gebruik van sociale steun

Wissen, Lena (2013) Een review op basis van het persuasive system design (PSD): online interventies maken nauwelijks gebruik van sociale steun.

[img] PDF
Abstract:Background: In the last decade many online interventions with the focus on lifestyle were developed, for example smoking and weight control, chronic conditions such as chronic back pain and mental health, including depression. The adherence percentage within these interventions is not very high. Oinas-Kukkonen has developed the persuasive system design (PSD) to ensure from the point of technology that the best effects in online interventions could be received. This includes the principle social support. Recent reviews showed that social support is not used well in most interventions. Social support in general has shown to be helpful in many sections of the healthcare area. This is why we wanted to see, if the latest interventions did make more use of it and how the adherence percentage developed. Method: In this study we systematically did a literature review with the help of different online databases over interventions developed in the timespan from October 2011 to February 2013. Used elements of the PSD were coded and with SPSS the interventions were compared looking at adherence, use of social support elements and differences between the categories. Results: 31 interventions were included. More than the half of them addressed mental health. The interventions included an average of one to two social support elements out of seven. Adherence was on average 63%. The differences of the use of social support turned out to be significant between the categories with the least use of elements in mental health interventions. There were significant differences in use of social learning and social comparison which were mostly found in interventions for chronic conditions. No significant differences of adherence were found between interventions with and interventions without social support elements. Discussion: In this review no more use of social support has been found than in older reviews, but differences in use between the categories turned out to be significant. In mental health interventions the use was the least, partly because developers of interventions may be careful with regard to negative outcomes of features as chat rooms, where users may reinforce their depressive feelings and too much attend to depressive thoughts. The study of causal relations and connections is left over to future researchers and also the influence of other variables than technology may be interesting to study in the future.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:
Export this item as:BibTeX
HTML Citation
Reference Manager


Repository Staff Only: item control page