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The use of a temporary restraining order in the Netherlands A study of regional differences in the use of the temporary restraining order between 2009-2012

Remmelink, Marieke (2013) The use of a temporary restraining order in the Netherlands A study of regional differences in the use of the temporary restraining order between 2009-2012.

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Abstract:To tackle the problem of domestic violence, new legislation was adopted in 2009 in the Netherlands by means of a temporary restraining order. The implementation of the temporary restraining order takes place on a municipal level, whereby municipalities work together on a police regional level for the implementation of the restraining order. While it has been a few years since the temporary restraining order was set, this research was conducted to investigate the use of the temporary restraining order. Hereby the following research question was answered: To what extent do differences in the severity and extent of the local domestic violence problems and characteristics of the mayors explain the variance in the use of temporary restraining orders in the different police regions in the Netherlands in the period between 2009 and 2012? To answer this question regression analysis was conducted and interviews were conducted in six police regions. Hereby one interview was conducted per police region. The regions that were investigated are: Flevoland, Gelderland Midden, Groningen, Rotterdam-Rijnmond, Twente and Utrecht. More information on the methodology used in this study can be found in chapter three. The outcomes of the research showed the following results: Throughout the years the number of temporary restraining orders has increased. The research shows that the severity and extent of domestic violence can to some extent explain the use of the temporary restraining order in the Netherlands. The severity and extent of domestic violence is measured by adding the number of police reports and the number of ex officio investigation. The characteristics of the mayor that are investigated in this study were: the type of mandate used in the police region and the age, gender and political background of the mayor. The study showed that the use of the temporary restraining order can partially be explained by the type of mandate used in a police region. The age and political background of the mayor do not influence the use of the temporary restraining order. The gender of a mayor has a significant effect on the use of the temporary restraining order in the year 2010, when male mayors issued more temporary restraining orders than female mayors. During the interviews more insight was gathered on the role of the mayor. If mayors consider the use of the temporary restraining order a priority, this leads to more attention for the subject and therefore more temporary restraining orders will be imposed. When police capacity is lower, this influences the use of the restraining order. However, if the use of the restraining order is considered a priority, the temporary restraining order will still be imposed often. There are also other persons who are important for the use of the restraining order, it is important in a region or municipality that there are people who have a leading role in the use of the restraining order and who keep the attention of the parties concerned involved on the topic.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:Public Administration MSc (60020)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/64448
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