Veerkracht van gemeenschappen bij kleinschalige incidenten : een kwalitatief onderzoek naar de invloed van factoren die een rol spelen bij de veerkracht van een gemeenschap studenten na een kleinschalig incident

Aken, M. van (2013) Veerkracht van gemeenschappen bij kleinschalige incidenten : een kwalitatief onderzoek naar de invloed van factoren die een rol spelen bij de veerkracht van een gemeenschap studenten na een kleinschalig incident.

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Abstract:Much research has focused on the resilience of a community after large-scale incidents, e.g. natural disasters. These incidents have more or less impact on the lives of people. The psychological and mental consequences are dependent on the individual, but most of them are able to overcome the incident at their own strength. These individuals are resilient. Resilience is the process that leads to adaptation of the altered environment and this successful adaptation can be reflected in healthy patterns of behavior, adequate role functioning and a satisfactory quality of life (Norris, Stevens, Pfefferbaum, Wyche en Pfefferbaum, 2008). Norris et al. (2008) developed a model of community resilience on the basis of their literature review. This model consists of four components: economic development, social capital, information and communication and community competence. In this research the model of Norris et al. (2008) will be used as a guide. Social capital, information and communication and community competence will be qualitatively examined in a community of students after a small-scale incident; the suicide of a student living in a residential unit at a university campus. Fifteen students were interviewed in this study; ten students living in the nearby residential units and five students living in the residential unit were a student committed suicide. The interviews were recorded so they could easily be analyzed and coded. An important conclusion is that the students living in the residential unit where a student committed suicide were resilient. After two months most of them were moving on with their normal lives and after six months they all were. The findings show that social capital, information and communication and community competence played also a role with small-scale incidents. Especially social networks and social support played an important role. It is recommended that future research will be conducted to test the generalization of these findings.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/64585
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