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Creating feeder bus lines for Transjakarta BRT : Understanding spatial patterns of daily destinations from poverty origin zones in Jakarta to determine demand for a new feeder system of Transjakarta BRT

Steijn, Justin van (2014) Creating feeder bus lines for Transjakarta BRT : Understanding spatial patterns of daily destinations from poverty origin zones in Jakarta to determine demand for a new feeder system of Transjakarta BRT.

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Abstract:This study focuses on the accessibility of poor people in Jakarta to good public transport. Because of the free-of-lane busways, Transjakarta bus rapid transit is a reletively fast mode of transport in comparison with the congested roads. Therefore, it could fit the needs of poor people. However, not in every neighborhood of Jakarta there is access to a Transjakarta shelter. Therefore, a feeder system is proposed to connect more neighborhoods to the Transjakarta. The main research problem in this study is the lack of knowledge on the demand for a feeder system for Transjakarta, especially for poor people. Also it is not known which routes and networks support such a system the best. The main objective is to determine demand for a new feeder system of Transjakarta and evaluate different feeder systems and routes, especially for the demand of poor people in Greater Jakarta. The determination of poverty origins to be analyzed for destination patterns is possible in multiple ways. First, the area in which the poverty zones will be selected can differ: the Greater Jakarta area or only the high-density area around Jakarta city. A second distinction can be made between the method of selecting the origins in the chosen region: using the LISA cluster method or the absolute lowest income method. When revealing the destinations for the four different ways of selecting origin zones, it turns out that the absolute method gives more scattered zone results. The clustered zones in the poverty cluster method are located more close to each other and have the same destinations in a higher degree. It turns out that for the methods of selecting poverty zones in the Greater Jakarta Area, there are no potential suitable origin-destination relations for creating a feeder bus line. This means, no of the destinations is in the city center of Jakarta. Thus, we can conclude that the Greater Jakarta Area method is not an appropriate method to select poverty origin zones, when the goal is to create feeder bus lines for the Transjakarta. We see that the absolute lowest income method gives more than one destination for some origins, while the poverty cluster method does not. The poverty cluster method however gives a less spread result: the ratio is lower. The aim of this research is not to integrate existing non-Transjakarta bus lines in the Transjakarta BRT network, but to create new feeder lines for Transjakarta based on the demand of poor people in Jakarta. Because the goal of creating new feeder lines in this research is to reduce the amount of transfers and transfer time, the direct feeder system is chosen. Different suitable origin-destination relations are used to design new feeder lines for the Transjakarta. When mapping different proposed feeder bus lines, we can see that these feeder lines can connect to each other. The suggestion is that these feeder lines will be merged in one long feeder line, located in the east of Jakarta city: the east tangent bus line.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:56 civil engineering
Programme:Civil Engineering BSc (56952)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/64762
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