In de schoenen van daders : de invloed van de sterkte van identificatie met groepen op het perspectief nemen van veroordeelde in- en outgroup daders.

Drosten, M. (2014) In de schoenen van daders : de invloed van de sterkte van identificatie met groepen op het perspectief nemen van veroordeelde in- en outgroup daders.

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Abstract:A lot of people don’t want to empathize with an offender who committed a crime, especially when the crime is severe. But what if people did try to empathize with the offender? And when are people more willing to take the perspective of an offender? These are important questions, because this information can be useful to understand how people react to and judge condemned offenders. The reintegration process of an condemned offender who is released from prison can be difficult; due to the received label they are still seen as an criminal. This stigmatization can lead to a higher risk of recidivism. People belong to groups, called ingroups. And if they aren’t a member of a group it is called an outgroup. Research shows that members of an ingroup are differently judged compared to members of an outgroup. It is suggested that people are less likely to take the perspective of an ingroup offender compared to an outgroup offender, also known as the Black Sheep Effect. People don’t have the same association strength (identification strength) with every group they belong to. The question is: what is the influence of identification strength on the willingness to take the perspective of an ingroup- and outgroup offender? The data of 105 participants were analyzed to examine this question. The data was obtained from an 2 (type of group: Family member vs. Domicile) x 2 (group membership offender: ingroup vs. outgroup) design. The participants were assigned to one of the research conditions. The expectation in this online survey was that people in the condition family member (strong identification with ingroup) were less willing to take the perspective of an ingroup offender compared to an weaker identification with a group (domicile). Another expectation was that in the condition domicile (weak identification with ingroup) the willingness to take the perspective of an ingroup offender was the same as the willingness to take the perspective of an outgroup offender. However there are no interaction effects found between group membership and type of group on perspective taking. The hypotheses couldn’t been confirmed. Because of the interaction effect that was found between group membership and type of group on the manipulation check of empathize, could been stated that the manipulation was not the same in all of the research conditions. There has been assumed that the hypotheses couldn’t been confirmed due to the failure of the manipulation. Implications for further research are discussed.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/64779
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