“To what extent can personality predict adherence and effectivity in a positive online intervention?”

Gugathas, Thivvya (2014) “To what extent can personality predict adherence and effectivity in a positive online intervention?”.

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Abstract:Background: Health is more than the absence of disease and especially positive psychology tries that the focus is not only on ways to reduce illness but also on possibilities to improve well-being by focusing on e.g. increasing positive emotions because they can increase social and health benefits. Personality can be an important determinant of well-being because of its relationship with emotional reactivity. One problem that interferes with intervention seems to be non-adherence because it could lessen the effect of the intervention and it would be difficult to derive the maximum benefit from the intervention. Objective: The purpose of this study was to gain more insight into the relationship between the big five personality constructs and adherence. In addition to that the study investigated what the relationship between the personality constructs and the effect of the intervention on positive and negative emotions is. Method: The intervention was a quantitative research with a pre-test (BFI-10; PANAS) in the beginning of the one-week intervention and a post-test (PANAS) to evaluate the difference in positive and negative affect score after participating on the intervention. The participants choose one of four positive psychology exercises and received daily a questionnaire in order to evaluate their exercise (used to measure their adherence). The relationships between the big five personality constructs and adherence and effect on the positive and negative emotions were analyzed by using the Pearson correlation. Results: The result show that only the construct extraversion is significant related to adherence (negative relationship). Furthermore, the personality construct neuroticism is significantly positive related to the difference in effect on positive emotions. The personality constructs extraversion and openness are negative related to the difference in effect on positive emotions. The results also showed that the construct neuroticism is also positive related to the difference in effect on negative emotions and that the constructs extraversion and agreeableness are significantly negative related to the difference in effect on negative emotions. Conclusion: In conclusion, it could be suggested that positive psychology exercises could be especially helpful for people who score high on neuroticism to increase their positive emotions. Adherence was only significant negative related to extraversion. To get a deeper insight in adherence, researchers in future interventions could send questionnaires to ask extravert respondents about their motives that lead to the point to stop with the intervention.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/64788
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