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The effects of acceptance- and mindfulness- based interventions on chronic pain : A systematic review

Becker, S. (2014) The effects of acceptance- and mindfulness- based interventions on chronic pain : A systematic review.

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Abstract:Acceptance- and mindfulness- based interventions as Mindfulness- Based Stress Reduction program (MBSR), Mindfulness- Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) are new generation of Cognitive- Behavioral Therapies for the treatment of chronic pain. To evaluate the effectiveness of acceptance- and mindfulness- based interventions on patients with chronic pain, a systematic review was conducted. Outcome measures were pain intensity, physical wellbeing and quality of life. Twenty- four randomized controlled trials were included, totaling 1521 patients with chronic pain. Based on the results, it can be concluded that acceptance- and mindfulness- based interventions may have a positive effect on pain intensity, physical wellbeing and quality of life in patients with chronic pain. Additionally, mindfulness- based interventions may have a superior effect than acceptance- based interventions on pain intensity. This review found limited evidence for the effectiveness of acceptance- based interventions on physical wellbeing and quality of life. A following meta- analysis and more high- quality studies are recommended to produce more differentiated and validated findings.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/64856
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