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Relationship between self-efficacy and psychological health in polyarthritis patients : A positive approach

Schweter, J. (2014) Relationship between self-efficacy and psychological health in polyarthritis patients : A positive approach.

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Abstract:Objective. Self-efficacy is known to be negatively related to negative psychological functioning like depression and anxiety, in polyarthritis patients. A field that has not yet been attended to is the association between positive psychological functioning and self-efficacy. The current study is focussing on this relationship. Purpose in life, positive affect and participation are chosen as indicators of psychological functioning. Method. A number of 331 polyarthritis patients participated in a questionnaire study (61% female, 29% employed, mean age: 62 years, mean disease duration: 15 years). To examine a possible relationship between self-efficacy and positive psychological functioning, regression analyses were carried out. Mediation analyses were done to examine if self-efficacy was mediating relationships between physical health and psychological functioning. Results. In all of the regression analyses more variance in the model was explained by adding self-efficacy (R2: .15-.50). Pain and other symptoms self-efficacy were both significant predictors of psychological functioning in polyarthritis patients. Except for one model (purpose in life, other symptoms self-efficacy) self-efficacy was found to be partly mediating the relationship between physical health and psychological functioning. Conclusion. Self-efficacy is not only related to aspects as anxiety and depression, but also to positive psychological functioning as purpose in life, positive affect and participation. Self-efficacy is also reducing the direct effect of physical health on the positive aspects of psychological functioning. Implications. More research about self-efficacy and other factors that are related to positive psychological functioning should be done. Trainings that enhance self-efficacy, and possible other factors, in patients diagnosed with polyarthritis may result in a more positive life for them.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/64867
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