University of Twente Student Theses


Drones´Deployment by Frontex and Fundamental Rights and Civil Liberties

Krajcikova, Kamila (2014) Drones´Deployment by Frontex and Fundamental Rights and Civil Liberties.

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Abstract:To the wide public, drones are known mainly in the context of combat zone. Nowadays, their application is being introduced also into the civil airspace. The European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (Frontex) and several southern EU member states consider the drones´ deployment or even deployed them already for the surveillance of the EU´ southern external maritime borders to combat cross-border crime and illegal migration or to safe migrants´ lives. Presented thesis introduces the situation at the EU´ southern maritime border giving regard to the problems of big migrant inflows. The activities of Frontex and of the EU on drones since 2007 are also in detail mapped, and according to that the thesis tries to indicate the possible design of the for-real deployment of drones at the EU´ southern border. The main part of the thesis analyses the potential impact of drones´ deployment on the civil liberties and fundamental rights driving also focus to the cooperation between the member states, Frontex and non-EU countries. The drones´ deployment seems to be the reality of the near future. The thesis, however, finds that, though the serious situation at the southern borders, the threats imposed by the drones´ deployment to civil liberties and fundamental rights are too wide to sacrifice the objectives of their deployment. The current legal framework, mainly on data protection, does not clearly address the possibility of drones for border surveillance, lacks instruments for effective search and rescue operations, and does not sufficiently protect fundamental rights and civil liberties making the use of various exceptions possible. Drones would therefore serve more security related objectives than the humanitarian ones.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:86 law, 88 social and public administration, 89 political science
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
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