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Tax interventions to reduce the burden of disease of type 2 diabetes

Akker, J. van den (2014) Tax interventions to reduce the burden of disease of type 2 diabetes.

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Abstract:The effects on diabetes in The Netherlands of taxation based interventions are explored. A link is made between the weight impact of tax or subsidy interventions and prevalence, incidence and excess mortality of diabetes. A 10% tax on caloric soft drinks and a 10% subsidy on diet sodas is expected to reduce BMI levels respectively with 0,099% for men and 0,122% for women, and 0,071% for both men and women. Unfortunately a tax on food away from home and a thin subsidy on fruit vegetables suggest an increase of BMI. When simulated in the DYNAMO-HIA program a 10% tax on caloric soft drinks is expected to reduce prevalence of diabetes in The Netherlands by the year 2025 with 1700, and a 10% subsidy on diet soft drinks could reduce prevalence with 1200 by the year 2025. The modelled reduction in excess number of deaths by diabetes are 23 for the thin subsidy on diet soft drinks and 32 for the fat tax on caloric soft drinks. Changes in cohort life expectancy are marginal at the level of an individual, but might for example run up to 132000 life years gained without diabetes for the cohorts of women in The Netherlands.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:44 medicine
Programme:Health Sciences MSc (66851)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/65440
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