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Healing environments: classical usic in the waiting room of a mental health care facility

Annighöfer, M.L.D. (2014) Healing environments: classical usic in the waiting room of a mental health care facility.

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Abstract:Introduction: This study explores the effects of classical music in the waiting room area of an ambulant mental health care facility on clients with predominantly anxiety and mood disorders. Classical music as a component of healing environments is thought to have various beneficial effects on people. Method: The investigated variables in this case were the clients’ anxiety and stress levels and furthermore their evaluations of the perceived attractiveness of the waiting room and the perceived quality of care, which were measured using a questionnaire with semantic differential scales as well as visual analogue scales. Participants of this study (n = 77) were therefore placed in either an experimental condition with exposure to classical music or a no-music control condition. Results: After correcting for confounders, multivariate and univariate follow-up analyses of variance found no significant main effects of classical music on the majority of measurements except for one (VAS anxiety). However, even this single main effect was contradictory to the established hypotheses. Moreover, there was only one significant main effect found for the investigated moderator of having an anxiety disorder on the VAS anxiety. No interaction between this moderator and the condition could be found, suggesting no difference between the experimental and the control condition in this subpopulation. Discussion: Implications for the use of classical music in healthcare settings, comparisons to past music-related findings with main regard to this study and possible explanations for the results obtained are discussed.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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