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Which influence do self-reflection and the motivation to control prejudiced reactions have on the willingness to take the perspective of an offender?

Bende, L.A. (2014) Which influence do self-reflection and the motivation to control prejudiced reactions have on the willingness to take the perspective of an offender?

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Abstract:The aim of this study is to find affirmation for the results found by Zwicker (2014), that respondent’s willingness to take the perspective of the offender, either from an in- or out-group is influenced by the self- reflective condition they are in, either becoming aware of their own good deeds or their own criminal acts. Moreover there is researched if the motivation to control prejudiced reactions and the threat to the self-esteem of the respondent are changed by these different conditions of self-reflection. The anticipation is to find that a person who is aware of own criminal deeds is expected to take the perspective of the offender less willingly if the offender is from the in-group than for an offender from the out-group. A person who is aware of own good deeds is expected to take the perspective of the offender more willingly if the offender is from the in-group than for an offender from the out-group. In addition this study researched if the pattern of self-reflection of respondents can be explained by the motivation to control prejudiced reactions. This hypothesis is not confirmed because the results did not show an influence. The study also examined if the threat to self- esteem is an explanation for the differences in the willingness to take the perspective of an offender. Effects of awareness of own deeds were found on the resistance to taking the perspective of the offender and the perceived closeness with the offender whereas group membership of the offender was influential on the judgement of the offender.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/65621
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