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In the shoes of the offender: The effect of self-reflection & motivation to control prejudices on perspective taking

Brouwer, Luisa Marie Ingela (2014) In the shoes of the offender: The effect of self-reflection & motivation to control prejudices on perspective taking.

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Abstract:In this study the effects that self-reflection of either ‘criminal’ or ‘good deeds’ and the offender’s group membership had on participants’ willingness to take the perspective of an offender were investigated. Additionally, this study tried to examine which role participants’ motivation to control prejudiced reactions played in their willingness to take the perspective of an offender. It was expected that participants who were reminded of own ‘criminal deeds’ were less willing to take the perspective of an in-group offender than the perspective of an out-group offender. If they were reminded of their own ‘good deeds’ it was expected to be the other way round. For the control-group an intermediate level of perspective taking was anticipated. Furthermore, it was expected that participants who were reminded of their own ‘criminal deeds’ would be higher motivated to control prejudiced reactions. Furthermore, a high motivation to control prejudiced reactions was associated with a high willingness to take the perspective of an out-group offender and a low willingness to take the perspective of an ingroup offender. A 2 (self-reflection: ‘criminal deeds’ vs. ‘good deeds’) x 3 (‘in-group’ vs. ’out-group’ vs. ‘control group’) between participants design was used. 250 Germans (M= 28.69; SD= 11.16) filled out the online-questionnaire. Like expected a significant interaction-effect could be found between participants’ self-reflection and the offender’s group membership on participants’ willingness to take perspective. A higher motivation to control prejudiced reactions for participants who were reminded of own ‘criminal deeds’ could also be confirmed. Furthermore, different explanations for people’s willingness to take the perspective of an offender were discovered. The results of this study and implications for further research were reviewed in the discussion section.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/65636
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