Burn-out en bevlogenheid bij basisschooldocenten. Welk effect hebben Job Demands en Job Resources op burn-out en bevlogenheid bij basisschooldocenten?

Fietzek, Julia (2014) Burn-out en bevlogenheid bij basisschooldocenten. Welk effect hebben Job Demands en Job Resources op burn-out en bevlogenheid bij basisschooldocenten?

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Abstract:Approximately 700.000 people in the Netherlands suffer from burnout. Burnout is characterized by exhaustion, cynicism and lack of personal efficacy. Work engagement is a positive work-related condition. This construct is characterized by vigor, dedication and absorption. In the past, negative aspects of well-being, like burnout, were investigated a lot, especially in service occupations such as teachers. As opposed to negative aspects, positive aspects are taken less into account currently. The literature shows that strengthening work engagement can contribute to primary school teachers in a way that they aren’t quit their job so quickly. The Job Demands-Resources Model takes both negative and positive aspects of well-being into account. Trying to avoid burnout and to stimulate work engagement this study refers to both constructions. The purpose of this study was to analyse the effect of job demands (workload) and job resources (autonomy and social support) on burnout or engagement of elementary school teachers. The data from this study was derived from an online survey research which was conducted by Stichting Consent. Stichting Consent administers all public schools in the communities of Enschede. Cross-sectional design was used to analyse the effect of job demands and job resources on burnout and engagement. 254 primary school teachers’ participated in the survey. More women (n=204) than men (n=50) participated in this study. The results showed that work engagement and burnout correlate negative (r=-0,654). In addition, this analysis presented that job demands and burnout correlate positively. Furthermore, job resources related to work engagement in a positive way. The following regression analysis demonstrated that workload, autonomy and managerial social support had unique predictive value of burnout. Work engagement is only predicted by autonomy. It was also striking that the constructs associated stronger with burnout than with work engagement. Moreover, it appeared that autonomy moderates the relationship between workload and burnout (p<0,037). This study showed clearly, that burnout and work engagement are partially independent constructs. Compared to work engagement, burnout can be predicted more easily by job demands and job resources. Autonomy appeared to play the major role. Also autonomy moderated the relationship between job demands and burnout. These findings imply the importance for following studies/interventions that are aimed to both, reduce burnout and enhance work engagement, to keep autonomy in mind.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/65649
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