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Healing environments in de psychiatrie : klassieke muziek in de wachtkamer

Boerrigter, E.J. (2014) Healing environments in de psychiatrie : klassieke muziek in de wachtkamer.

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Abstract:Introduction: Patients often find themselves in a vulnerable and dependent position which lead to feelings of stress, anxiety and uncertainty. These feelings can negatively affect the treatment process and wellbeing of patients, in somatic and mental healthcare. The architectural design and facilities of a health facility can increase positive emotions, which influences health and wellbeing of patients. An environment that affects health in a positive way is called a healing environment. The purpose of this research is to gain insight in the effect of music in the waiting room area on anxiety, stress, perceived attractiveness of the waiting room and perceived quality of care of ambulant patients in the mental healthcare. Method: The participants (n = 77) in this study were quasi-random assigned to an experimental condition (classical music in the waiting room) and a control condition (no changes in the waiting room). The researcher approached the patients after 5 minutes and asked them to fill in a questionnaire. This questionnaire consisted of primary questions (outcomes: anxiety, stress, perceived attractiveness of the waiting room and perceived quality of care) and secondary questions (demographics and patient characteristics). Results: Initially, the randomisation of the experimental and control group was not perfect. There was a significant difference between the groups on education level (p = .026) and number of people in the waiting room (p = .015). After controlling for these confounders, analyses of variance showed a single main effect of anxiety in the opposite direction/ contradictory to our hypothesis. This means that the experimental group was a bit more anxious than the control group. Furthermore there were no effects of music on stress, perceived attractiveness of the waiting room and perceived quality of care. Discussion: A possible reason of the non-effect of music is that the population wasn’t as receptive as expected. There was no pre-test so baseline differences are unknown. Furthermore it is possible that there were variables that weren’t identified as a confounder. These unknown confounders might have influenced the result. There was a lot of noise in the waiting room. This area was spacious and restless, thereby the music was hard to hear.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Clients:
Dimence, Nederland
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/65707
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