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The effect of an online positive psychology exercise and motivating pictures on well-Being

Kasimirski, J. (2014) The effect of an online positive psychology exercise and motivating pictures on well-Being.

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Abstract:Background: This research is aimed to investigate whether pictures in online positive psychology interventions heighten participants’ motivation and in turn lead to increased levels of subjective well-being. In addition, this research investigates if personality traits, especially the Big Five (extraversion, agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness and neuroticism) have an impact on changes in well-being. Hypotheses: It was expected that participants who received a motivational picture (“picture group”) have a greater increase in positive affect at the end of the intervention than participants who did not receive a motivational picture (“no picture group”). Furthermore, it was expected that participants in the “picture group” have a greater decrease in negative affect at the end of the intervention than participants in the “no picture group”. Finally, it was expected that the addition of the motivation groups to each of the Big Five dimensions separately as well as its addition to all of the Big Five dimensions jointly leads to significant improvements in predicting the changes in positive and negative affect from the pre- to the post-measurement. Method: The sample was composed of 44 participants (65,9% female, 34,1% male) aged 20 to 65. They completed the whole online intervention, including the German versions of the Big-Five 10 personality test, the positive and negative affect schedule (PANAS) and the positive psychology exercise, “the three good things” (3GT). Results: In this study the picture did not lead to additional motivation. Participants who received a motivational picture did not show a greater increase in subjective well-being than participants who underwent the online intervention without getting a motivational picture. The whole intervention was effective in decreasing negative affect. In both, the picture and the no picture group, the positive affect did not increase. Future research should examine if the extension of the duration of the intervention program or a combination of two or more positive psychology exercises would lead to an increase in participants’ positive affect. In this study, the Big Five dimensions had no influence on the changes in the participants’ subjective well-being. Neither the intrinsic nor the extrinsic motivation to do the 3GT exercise had an additional impact on the changes in subjective well-being, besides the Big Five dimensions.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/65743
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