University of Twente Student Theses

Login

De samenhang van de verbale expressie van positieve emoties, alexithymie en de levendigheid tijdens het ophalen van blije herinneringen

Kurney, S. (2014) De samenhang van de verbale expressie van positieve emoties, alexithymie en de levendigheid tijdens het ophalen van blije herinneringen.

[img] PDF
356kB
Abstract:Introduction: Alexithymia is an important factor for the therapy of traumatic experiences, because it restrains the verbal expression of emotions during the recall of happy memories. The psychiatric disorder reduces the ability to express negative emotions, but in the recent literature it is not clear if this is also the case for positive emotions. However, the expression of positive emotions in the recall of happy memories is very important for de clinical practice. Moreover, alexithymia influence also the vividness of positive memories which is crucial for a therapist to understand his client en his emotional state. This investigation studies therefore if there is a relationship between the degree of alexithymia en the verbal expression of positive emotions, as well as the relationship between the degree of alexithymia and the vividness of happy memories. Furthermore, there will be an explorative study with reference to the association of vividness of happy memories and the verbal expression of positive emotions. Methods: The 35 students of the study were between 18-39 years old. In the first part of the study, the participants were asked to recall eight personal memories (calm, angry, sad and happy) as well as three neutral memories. The participants rated the personal memories if they are happy, calm, angry or sad about them today. They gave also an indication if the personal memories are important or vivid today. During the first part of the study the memories are videotaped and recorded. In the second part, the participants were asked to give an answer on two questionnaires. These were the demographic information and the TAS-20 measuring the degree of alexithymia. Before the answers were analyzed, the LIWC counted the amount of positive emotion words. Finally the correlations are examined. Results: There was a significant difference between the amount of positive words of the happy and neutral memories. The total TAS-20 en every subcategory of the TAS-20 did not correlate with the amount of positive emotion words during neutral en happy memories. Moreover there was no significant correlation between the degree of alexithymia and the vividness of memories as well as between the vividness and the amount of positive emotion words. Discussion: There is no relation between the amount of positive emotion words and the degree of alexithymia. Furthermore, there is no indication that de degree of vividness in happy memories is related to the amount of positive emotion words as well as to the degree of alexithymia. The difference in results between this study and other studies can be explained because of the usage of different methods. More research is needed to investigate the three subjects and their relations.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/65752
Export this item as:BibTeX
EndNote
HTML Citation
Reference Manager

 

Repository Staff Only: item control page