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Slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling : een onderzoek naar de gecombineerde invloed van de mate van angst en de mate van zelfredzaamheid bij slachtoffers op hun intentie tot het aangaan van bemiddeling

Lentfert, M.A.R. (2014) Slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling : een onderzoek naar de gecombineerde invloed van de mate van angst en de mate van zelfredzaamheid bij slachtoffers op hun intentie tot het aangaan van bemiddeling.

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Abstract:This study strives to determine the combined influence of the level of anxiety and the level of self-efficacy among victims on their intention to participate in victim-offender mediation. Based on previous research, it was expected that a high level of self-efficacy would lead to a higher intention of victim participation in victim-offender mediation than a low level of self-efficacy. Furthermore, it was expected that a high level of anxiety would lead to a higher intention of victim participation in victim-offender mediation than a low level of anxiety, but only if the level of self-efficacy is high. This study was a 2 (anxiety: high vs. low) x 2 (self-efficacy: high vs. low) between subject experiment. There has been attempted to manipulate the level of anxiety and the level of self-efficacy. Research was conducted using an online survey among Dutch participants, in the age between 18 and 64 years old. These participants did not have any experience with victim-offender mediation. The participants had to read a scenario about a fictitious burglary, in which they had to imagine they were the victims of that burglary. The manipulation of self-efficacy was not successful, therefore no conclusions could be drawn about self-efficacy. With this, the first and second hypothesis were rejected. Then the level of self-efficacy was replaced by the amount of information about mediation. The results indicate that the amount of information about mediation did influence victims’ participation intention, with a higher intention with lots of information than with little information. Furthermore, no interaction was found of anxiety and the amount of information about mediation on the intention to participate in victim-offender mediation. Probably, instead of the level of self-efficacy, the attitude of the victim towards victim-offender mediation was manipulated.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/65756
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