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Onderzoek naar het verband tussen patronen van woordgebruik en persoonlijkheid tijdens het ophalen van positieve herinneringen

Plesse, J. (2014) Onderzoek naar het verband tussen patronen van woordgebruik en persoonlijkheid tijdens het ophalen van positieve herinneringen.

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Abstract:Introduction: The stories people tell about their lives have an important position within the field of psychology. These stories are based on specific personal experiences from their past and make a significant contribution in the construction of someones identity. Previous research has shown that the stories and the used vocabulary vary from one person to another and it is found that these variations are connected to the respective personality of the storyteller. Given the fact that the used words are a useful indicator for emotions this present study investigates the relations between the patterns of language use and the personality when talking about positive memories in order to investigate the extend of influence of a person's personality. Method: The participants of this study are students, aged between 18 and 40 years from the University of Twente and the Saxion University of Applied Sciences Enschede. This study includes a total of 35 participants of which each talked about 8 different memories and filled in the NEO-FFI (Neuroticism Extraversion Openess Five Factor Inventory) personality questionnaire. The correlations between the patterns of language use and the two personality traits extraversion and neuroticism are investigated by the use of Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. The Wilcoxon test further examines if there are any varieties in the patterns of language use between the first and the second positive memory and if these positive memories vary from neutral memories. Results: Neuroticism and extraversion are not connected with the use of positive or negative emotion words. It was found that other categories of language use were connected with personality. Frequent use of the first person singular was positively correlated with neuroticism. The complexity of language with the underlying word categories negations as well as exclusive words were also positively correlated with neuroticism. No variations in the patterns of language use were found between the two different positive memories. It was estabslihed that there was a less frequent use of positive and negative emotion words in the neutral memories, compared to the two positive memories. Discussion: The personality traits neuroticism and extraversion have no influence on the use of positive and negative emotion words. Yet it is found that some of the investigated patterns of language use positively interconnected with the personality trait neuroticism. Variations between the results of this study and the results of previous studies in this field can partially be explained by differences in the research design the number of participants. This study suggest adjusting narrative treatment on a client’s personality profile so that it is tailored specifically to each individual. In addition, narrative therapy should focus on the recall of intense, positive memories. Further research on the relations between personality and language use is recommended in order to gain better insights into narrative psychology and thus to achieve more effective results.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/65767
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