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Een onderzoek naar de invloed van niveauverschillen en promptingschema’s op het gebruik van de control of variables strategy

Rouwenhorst, D. (2014) Een onderzoek naar de invloed van niveauverschillen en promptingschema’s op het gebruik van de control of variables strategy.

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Abstract:The goal of the current research was to investigate the connection between the academic achievement of 8th grade students and their use of the Control of Variables Strategy (CVS), and to determine the influence of different prompting schemes on that connection. Sixty-four children (26 girls, 38 boys) out of the 8th grade of a Dutch primary school participated in this research. They were streamed to academic achievement on the basis of their Cito-Eindtoets-score. Children with a score between 541 – 550 were assigned to the high-achievement level, children with a score between 501-540 were assigned to the average-achievement level. All children started the research by taking a CVS pre-test with which their starting-level on the CVS was determined. Approximately one week after the pre-test, the children received a CVS-instruction followed by an individual practice with a simulation to train with the CVS. During this practice three different prompting schemes were used to support the children. One group of children received no prompting, a second group of children received variable-prompting in that they received more prompts at the beginning of the practice than at the end of the practice, a third group received continuous prompting in which they received a prompt after every simulation run. After the children were finished with the practice they completed a CVS post-test. The results of the research showed that high-achievers had more knowledge of the CVS and used this strategy more consistently than average-achievers. No effects of the different prompting-conditions and no interaction-effect between academic achievement and prompting-conditions were found.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/65775
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