University of Twente Student Theses


Expressie van emoties : het gebruik van pronomina bij verschillende mate van neuroticisme

Stahlkopf, L.A. (2014) Expressie van emoties : het gebruik van pronomina bij verschillende mate van neuroticisme.

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Abstract:Introduction: Memories are important for our daily life. They influence us in mood, choices and behavior. That what we can remember, in which form and how intensive these memories are, is dependent on our personality. People who are pessimistic will experience and remember sad situations in another way than optimistic people do. Because of that this research is about if there is a coherence and what kind of coherence there is about de usage of personal pronouns with reference to within sad memories and the degree of neuroticism. Method: The participants are students from the University of Twente and the Saxion in Enschede. A questionnaire about personality is administered: Neuroticism Extraversion Openess Five Factor Inventory [NEO-FFI]. 35 participants in the range of 18-30 of age filled out the questionnaire and 385 memories were collected. On the basis of a General Linear Model - Repeated Measurement ANOVA analysis the use of pronouns with regard to the level of neuroticism and sad memories was examined. Therefore the difference in pronoun usage between sad memories and a neutral description as well as the pronoun usage with reference to different degrees of neuroticism was analysed. Results: While telling sad memories more first person singular pronouns (I) are used than while telling neutral description. There is no significant in the usage of ‘we’ and ‘you’ pronouns. Within neuroticism there is only a marginal correlation found between the use of the first person plural pronouns (we) and the degree of neuroticism. There is no significant in the usage of ‘I’ and ‘you’ pronouns. There is also no interaction found within the usage of personal pronouns of the degree of neuroticism to memory (sad/neutral) with references to ‘we’ and ‘you’ pronouns; however there was a significant found to I-pronouns. Conclusion: The found results confirm earlier studies. ‘I’ pronouns are used more often with sad memories than neutral descriptions while there is no detectable difference in the use of other pronouns. People who have experienced physical or emotional pain (sad experience) use more first person singular pronouns and draw a lot of attention to themselves. Neuroticism is only barely, negatively associated with the use of first person plural pronouns. When first person singular is used there is a marginal interaction effect between the degree of neuroticism and the kind of stories (neutral/ sad). The data indicate a potentially important interplay between personality traits and use of personal pronouns.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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