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The Implementation of the EU Reception Conditions Directive in the National Legislation of Germany, Austria and Belgium. On the Way to more Liberal National Asylum Policies?

Langer, Susanne (2014) The Implementation of the EU Reception Conditions Directive in the National Legislation of Germany, Austria and Belgium. On the Way to more Liberal National Asylum Policies?

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Abstract:During the last decade, much has been written on the conceptualization of Europeanization, yet its impact on the sector of asylum has been neglected. Little is known about the motivation for stimulating the Europeanization of asylum or its arising effects on asylum seekers in EU member states. Hence, the following Bachelor thesis aims at contributing to fill this gap. It poses the question if European asylum legislation is more liberal or stricter than corresponding national legislation in Germany, Austria and Belgium. The question is answered by having a closer look at the Reception Conditions Directive 2013/33/EU, which constitutes a part of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) and by having it compared to the corresponding national legislation. The analysis shows that the national legislations concerning the reception conditions in Germany, Austria and Belgium are stricter than the EU Directive calls for. The countries seem to aim at implementing the minimum standards, without necessarily infringing the rules set out in the EU legislation. Nevertheless, calling the EU Directive a liberal approach towards asylum protection would go too far. The CEAS aims at providing an area of protection for asylum seekers and refugees, yet when analyzing the Reception Conditions Directive, this cannot be detected. The phrasing of the member states responsibilities is often too broad and filled with exceptions, allowing member states to implement strict measures. The changes of the regulations and directives of the CEAS over the last decade admittedly do show that the EU is interested in constantly improving its asylum system and also the situation for asylum seekers, yet to fulfill its aim of providing an area of protection for asylum seekers, tremendous amendments need to be implemented.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration, 89 political science
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/65830
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