Visualization and analysis of vortex propagation from a jet pump

Hart, Koen 't (2014) Visualization and analysis of vortex propagation from a jet pump.

Abstract:Traveling wave thermoacoustic engines lose e�ciency due to Gedeon streaming. If a jet pump is applied to the engine it counteracts the streaming by suppressing the timeaveraged mass ux through the closed loop of the engine. Placing the jet pump inside the engine creates certain ow �eld e�ects due to \minor losses".These ow �eld e�ects are oscillatory and have not been qualitatively recorded. The set-up used at the University of Twente to create acoustic sound waves allows ow visualization of the ow �eld generated by the jet pump. A high speed camera records smoke inserted with a smoke wire. Vortices are found in the recorded images, and the purpose of this research is to create an algorithm to trace these vortices as they propagate through the ow �eld. The algorithm also calculates the speed with which they propagate but this is not the main focus. The created algorithm is analyzed using ROC-curves to determine if the algorithm is bene- �cial for the detection of vortices. The algorithm needs the input of some variables to allow proper detection, the in uence of these variables is documented. There is a relation between the frequency of the acoustic sound wave and the size, speed and propagating distance of vortices. The variables therefore need adjusting for the vortices of higher acoustic sound waves. The development of the algorithm showed the potential of using these algorithms in the analysis of the other ow �eld e�ects. Further improvements are needed to make the algorithm more robust for reliable data collection.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:52 mechanical engineering
Programme:Mechanical Engineering BSc (56966)
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