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Demographic Change in Germany and France – A comparison of fertility, family policy and their implications on public budgets

Kavsek, Helena (2014) Demographic Change in Germany and France – A comparison of fertility, family policy and their implications on public budgets.

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Abstract:Demographic change constitutes a major challenge to society and in the long term to public budgets of European Union member states. While improved health care led to a longer life expectancy and an overall ageing of society throughout the European Union, some member states are further challenged by low fertility rates and a shrinking of the population. The resulting rise in the age dependency ratio indicates a burden for social security systems and puts the concept of generational equity at risk. Germany as a country faced with very low fertility shows need for action with regard to expanding its workforce to ensure a sustainable social security system in the future. France on the other hand excels with high fertility rates and steady population growth. The factors determining fertility will be elaborated by means of Gary Becker’s economic theory of the family and Gøsta Esping-Andersen’s welfare regime theory. Family Policy measures as the major governmental driver in terms of conveying social values and providing correspondent financial incentives will be compared in both Germany and France. Paying attention to the current economic situations, the thesis at hand will provide suggestions for action aiming at generating generational equity in the long run.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:83 economics, 89 political science
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/66087
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