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Prospective research on the influence of positive affect and psychological wellbeing on work-related factors and depression in a chronic pain sample

Wißen, L. (2014) Prospective research on the influence of positive affect and psychological wellbeing on work-related factors and depression in a chronic pain sample.

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Abstract:Objective: About 20% of the European population suffers from chronic pain and its consequences which include depression and work loss. The body of research on resilience mechanisms in chronic pain needs more exploration. In this study, the influence of positive affect (PA) and psychological wellbeing (PWB) in a sample of chronic pain patients is explored. According to the resilience model and the broaden-and-build theory, PA and PWB can have positive effects on the lives of people in all different situations. From this point of view, we explored if high levels of these two aspects can have a positive influence on the working situation and the level of depression in chronic pain patients one year later. Methods: The sample was gathered through the LISS panel in the Netherlands, and included 479 participants who indicated to regularly have pain in the knee, hip or back. Pearson correlation coefficients and regression analyses were computed between the independent variables PA and PWB at baseline and the dependent variables work status, absenteeism and depression one year later. Results: Regression analyses indicated a positive influence of PWB on work status and a negative influence of PA on absenteeism one year later. Discussion: Psychological wellbeing had a positive influence on the work status of chronic pain patients. Existing psychological therapies for chronic pain patients who mainly suffer from the loss of work might be expanded by modules which promote psychological wellbeing. Long-term measurements of positive affect might clarify possible effects.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/66262
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