University of Twente Student Theses

Login

What is the role of the socio-economic position of parents for migrant children’s educational achievements in Austria and Germany?

Bottor, M. (2014) What is the role of the socio-economic position of parents for migrant children’s educational achievements in Austria and Germany?

[img]
Preview
PDF
935kB
Abstract:In recent years, many international studies such as the PISA study have dealt with the educational achievements of students. Also, many scholars have dealt with the comparison of educational outcomes of migrant students in several developed countries; these scientific articles show that the educational achievements of migrant students in most countries are lower compared non-migrant students. Besides, most articles found out that the socio-economic positon of migrant parents tends to be crucial for the educational achievements of their children. Thus, the educational achievements of migrant students in Austria and Germany will be compared by the research question: What is the role of the socio-economic position of parents for migrant children’s educational achievements in Austria and Germany? This research question will be answered as follows: First of all, a selection of related sub-questions is provided as a guideline for answering this research question. Furthermore, a quantitative cross-sectional study is conducted which is built up with the tables containing data from the most recent 2012 PISA study results in order to answer the research question. The outcomes of the tables and the sub-questions are helpful in order to provide a conclusion for this bachelor thesis: It can be said that in both Austria and Germany, migrant students have lower educational achievements than non-migrant students. The socio-economic status of migrant parents is crucial for the educational achievements of their children. If parents have a relatively low status in the society, then there is a high probability that migrant children have worse educational outcomes than other children at the same age. As migrant children in Austria tend to have better educational outcomes compared to their counterparts in Germany, it can be hypothesized that the migrant students in Austria have better educational achievements due to a better socio-economic position of their parents within the native society. This can be partly explained by the distribution of the major immigrant groups in both states. While the largest immigrant group in Germany is from Turkish descent, most immigrants living in Austria have German roots. Thus, migrants in Austria less likely need to adapt into a new society or language and this may be beneficial for the school performance. This topic can be regarded as highly important because due to the demographic changes both states will have to face in the near future, a good education of migrants will be important because of the labor market situation and for the economies in both states. Thus, both states cannot afford that migrants are already educationally disadvantaged. This study shall also show that both governments need to react in order to ensure better educational opportunities for migrant children.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:European Public Administration BSc (56654)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/66379
Export this item as:BibTeX
EndNote
HTML Citation
Reference Manager

 

Repository Staff Only: item control page