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Gender equality in the European Union: How do Sweden and Germany implement Gender Mainstreaming? A comparison of the two different welfare state types.

Vosseler, Inga (2015) Gender equality in the European Union: How do Sweden and Germany implement Gender Mainstreaming? A comparison of the two different welfare state types.

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Abstract:Gender Mainstreaming is a political strategy that is widely used and acknowledged in the EU Member States since the Beijing Declaration in 1995. Both the Member States and the EU use the strategy to achieve greater gender equality. Although the aim is similar, if not the same, the practical implementation and its scope and depth vary in each Member State. Sweden is regarded as one of the most gender-egalitarian countries worldwide as gender equalities are high on the political agenda since the 1970s. Also with regard to Gender Mainstreaming the Scandinavian country is depicted as a forerunner. One reason for Sweden’s exceptional position is its extensive social welfare system that is based on the belief of an egalitarian society with universal social rights (“dual earner/dual carer”-policy model). In Germany, on the contrary, the „male breadwinner“-model is predominant: The society is shaped by the traditional patriarchal structures of a male-female hierarchy which is also reflected in the social welfare policies. The thesis concludes that Germany can learn from Sweden with regard to gender equality policies in general and Gender Mainstreaming in particular so that the existing gap between the two countries in terms of equality can be narrowed.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/66794
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