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Prevalence and determinants of doping in recreative triathlon

Lollies, F. (2014) Prevalence and determinants of doping in recreative triathlon.

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Abstract:Although the use of doping substances and nutritional supplements by professional athletes and the determinants thereof have been investigated extensively, the information of recreational athletes’ use of doping substances and nutritional supplements is limited. This study explored the prevalence of different doping substances and nutritional supplements as well as the power of determinants as background characteristics, training habits and variables originating from the Theory of planned behaviour to differ between groups of doping behaviour (user versus non-user) and the intention (positive versus negative) to use doping among German speaking recreative triathletes. An anonymous questionnaire was answered by 142 participants (105 men, 37 women), acquired via personal mailing (N=36) as well as via postings and invitation for participation in three Facebook-groups. The current use of doping was reported by 15% of the sample, all participants declared to use nutritional supplements. Asthma medication and cortisone for the doping substances and sport gels, drinks, minerals and magnesium for the nutritional supplements were found to be the most popular substances. Perceived advantages of doping (F (13,128) =2.083; p=0.019 < 0.05) differ significantly between persons who use doping substances and those do not use doping substances. Self-efficacy (F (17,124) =4.050; p < 0.001) differ significantly between persons having a positive intention and persons having a negative intention towards doping. In conclusion, use of doping substances is prevalent in this sample of recreative triathletes and the use of nutritional supplements is common. According to the findings of this study health education programmes should incorporate the perception of advantages and disadvantages of doping as well as the self-efficacy. The primary objective of those intervention programs should be to enhance the skills of athletes to resist the temptation of doping.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/66860
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