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Computerondersteund onderzoekend leren met simulaties: noodzaak aan niveau en/of leeftijdsdifferentiatie?

Bong, E.J. (2015) Computerondersteund onderzoekend leren met simulaties: noodzaak aan niveau en/of leeftijdsdifferentiatie?

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Abstract:This research focuses on the question if there's a need to differentiate, on the basis of learning level and/or age, in the amount of support to learners that learn by inquiry with computer simulations. The effect of supporting the experimental design of learners on the learning gain has been examined. Research has been conducted with 210 learners and eight groups: learners of four groups that differ in learning level and age (1 HAVO, 1 VWO, 3 HAVO and 3 VWO) have been divided into two conditions. Learners in the condition 'less support' worked with a basic version of a virtual learning environment, with open questions. Learners in the condition 'more support' worked with the same basic version of a virtual learning environment, with additional design support (guiding questions and instructions). Learning gain was assessed on the basis of a parallel pre- and posttest. The results show that learners 3 HAVO and 3 VWO possessed prior knowledge; learners 1 HAVO and 1 VWO had only little prior knowledge. Design support only had effect in the group 3 HAVO: learners that worked with the additional design support showed more learning gain than learners that worked without additional design support. Learners with a high learning level (VWO) seem to have research skills that enable them to learn by inquiry, without design support. Learners with a low learning level (HAVO) seem to lack these research skills: they profit from design support, but only if they have prior knowledge. The educational practice can use this given by first providing learners from a lower learning level (HAVO) with the required prior knowledge, before letting them learn by inquiry with computer simulations that offer design support.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/66932
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