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Samenhang tussen basisbehoeften uit de zelfdeterminatie theorie en positieve en negatieve aspecten van geestelijke gezondheid bij leraren in het basisonderwijs

Hiemstra, G.J. (2014) Samenhang tussen basisbehoeften uit de zelfdeterminatie theorie en positieve en negatieve aspecten van geestelijke gezondheid bij leraren in het basisonderwijs.

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Abstract:Introduction: This research is part of a four-years developmental project by the organization Consent. The purpose is to create a positive school climate with focus for teachers and students. Teachers are experiencing a higher workload, more stress, burn-out and less job satisfaction in comparison to other employees. The question is whether correlations can be found between the degree of fulfillment of the basic needs from the self-determination theory (relatedness, autonomy and competence) and on the one hand positive aspects (vitality and productivity) and on the other hand negative aspects (burn-out, anxiety and depression) of mental health? Method: All employees of the organization Consent were invited to take part in the study. In total 245 teachers answered the digital questionnaire. Pearson correlations and multiple linear regression analysis were performed in order to examine the correlations. Results: The results show that teachers experience fulfillment of the basic needs sometimes unto often. Burn-out symptoms are experienced sporadic unto occasionally. These results confirm the data in literature and the results of the Dutch questionnaire on working conditions; teachers experience burn-out symptoms more often than others, although not in high extend. The vast majority had no anxiety or depressive disorder, although anxiety symptoms were experienced in a greater extent than depressive symptoms. Teachers felt on average somewhat vital and more teachers felt vital than the general Dutch population and the employees working in education. Their productivity was reviewed remarkably high. Between almost all aspects a significant correlation was found. A negative correlation was found between the basic needs and the negative components of mental health. A positive correlation was found between the basic needs and the positive components of mental health. The single relation without a significant correlation was between productivity and relatedness. Unique correlations were found between autonomy and all aspects of mental health and between some aspects of mental health (burn-out, vitality, productivity) and competence. Relatedness showed no unique correlation. All three basic needs showed the strongest and unique correlation with burn-out symptoms. Discussion Satisfaction of all three basic needs do not seem necessary for stronger positive mental health and the absence of mental problems. This study confirms the two-continua model of mental health and the valuable addition to also highlight the positive aspects. The self-determination theory seems appropriate to explain mental health, although the correlations found were only weak unto moderate strength. There are also other factors which are influencing mental health and further research is recommended. Because of limitations in this study, follow-up research is recommended with random sampling, using more objective measuring instruments and a cross-sectional study design, to obtain more insight in the causality of the correlations. Additionally, further research is recommended about the lack of unique correlations with relatedness. For the design of the Consent developmental project it is recommended to invest in strengthen the autonomy, competence and vitality of the teachers and to reduce risk factors for burn-out symptoms.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/66971
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