University of Twente Student Theses


Expliciete compensatieopvattingen en impliciete metingen in relatie met ongezond snackgedrag

König, J. (2015) Expliciete compensatieopvattingen en impliciete metingen in relatie met ongezond snackgedrag.

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Abstract:Background: In this study the influence of Compensatory Health Beliefs (CHBs) on unhealthy behavior in terms of unhealthy snacking will be investigated. Within this study the role of the implicit measurement of this construct stands central. There will be investigated whether this new manner of implicit measurement has adding value for existing measuring methods. Further the influence of priming on CHBs will be investigated with a 2-factor research design. Cause of this study was criticism on the measurement of CHBs by means of questionnaires as they take place today. Furthermore the predictive value of measured CHBs for the intention to compensate will be examined. Method: In this study two different kinds of measurements, one implicit and one explicit, were used to gather data. The explicit measurement consisted of one questionnaire with two already existing subscales and one attached intention scale. The implicit measurement consisted of one approach avoidance task (AAT) with three different types of stimuli. On this study 51 students took place with an average age of 23,5 years. Results: In this study no link has been found between the Compensatory Health Beliefs measured by the questionnaire and the executed AAT. Furthermore there were no significant differences has been found between the experimental and the control group concerning the AAT. However there was a significant difference between the experimental and the control group concerning the CHB questionnaire. Also the assumption that the participants should have CHBs and therefore also should have the intention to show compensatory behavior was not confirmed. Discussion: The results found in other studies and the implicit measurement of CHBs could not have been replicated in this study. In defiance of the modified version of the CHB questionnaire used in this study there were known problems while measuring. The deviants from existing implicit CHB measurements are maybe explainable by the instrument of measurement used in this study. Further research on this area has to be done because of the promising value of implicit measurements and for implicit measurement based interventions.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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