University of Twente Student Theses


Nature organisations in the 21st century

Veldhuizen, T.J. (2015) Nature organisations in the 21st century.

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Abstract:There is a variety of nature organizations in the Netherlands, some small, others large. Focus varies from national level, to regional or local level. Although Dutch nature organizations have a strong interest in nature, their handling views differ. Interesting to see how is the nature organizations handle their views and whether or not they are willing or forced to make alterations, formulated in the main research questions: (Q1) To what extent are Dutch nature organizations focused upon preserving or developing nature in the Netherlands? And (Q2) to what extent can Dutch nature organizations uphold their own core beliefs and principles while having to cooperate with or along other (nature) organizations? The Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF), by Sabatier (1993) is made explain these kind of changes in policy. The ACF states that policy can be seen as a system of values, priorities, and causal reasoning and how these values can be accomplished. Policy changes can occur, but are according to the theory not a likely event. What policy is pursued is to a high degree dependent upon the involved actors and their view on the matter. According to the ACF these changes in policy will have a long lead time and will only be made possible by external events or internal learning. The changes lead actors from a policy area to policy oriented learning. Accompanying this a model on nature stances was constructed. Along the axis of “steering” and “stance towards nature” organizations or actors are classified as having its focus on “Conservation”, “Evolution”, “Intervening” or “Free hand”. These terms each form a quadrant with the model of stances towards nature. In this research the operations of Dutch nature organizations are viewed along a multiple case study, looking in accordance to the research questions, to the actors within each case at (1) nature stance, (2) core values, (3) stance towards development or preservation, (4) applied policies documents, an organisation’s (5) place in the model of nature stances and finally (6) the degree of cooperation with other actors in the field. The outcome of this research shows there is no clear preference for conservation or development of nature, but a distinct view is that nature should be given the freedom to manage or form itself. Assessed is that no organisation with the same core beliefs and therefore no cooperation is to be expected nor to be found. Cooperation will merely occur in the presence of matching policy beliefs. However when cooperation is needed, organisations first need to converge their views. Along the theory of Sabatier, my expectation was that cooperation would take place among organisations with comparable policy core beliefs. As there were no common grounds, cooperation also did not occur. At the end, cooperation is not to be forced upon actors, but needs common ground, but in addition to the ACF needs the necessity or willingness to cooperate among actors in order to cross borders and look for possible beneficial plans and situations.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:Public Administration MSc (60020)
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