My dear robot : anthropomorphism and loneliness

Arendt, Moritz (2015) My dear robot : anthropomorphism and loneliness.

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Abstract:Over the last years a more refined picture over the concept of anthropomorphism develop. Where before the focus lay primarily on the questions of where and to what extend anthropomorphism occurs, now a theory on the how emerged. The Three-Factor theory (Epley, Waytz, & Cacioppo, 2007) gives an underlying mechanism that could explain how anthropomorphism forms. In the context of the more and more relevant topic of human-robot interaction this study tries to shed more light onto how sociality motivation influences the anthropomorphisation of robots. To answer this research questions it was tested if chronic loneliness and/or situational loneliness positively influence the anthropomorphisation of robots. Al 27 respondents had to rate 20 videos of different robots on a ‘Perceived Humanness’. To assess the dispositional loneliness they were asked to fill out the ‘UCLA Loneliness’ scale. For the situational loneliness an experimental condition was implemented. The results were analysed through a correlation analysis and a Linear Mixed Model regression. The results of this research could only partly support previous findings and the Three-Factor theory, as only the situational factor revealed a significant influence on the anthropomorpisation of robots. More research is needed to further confirm and evaluate this findings.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/68269
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