University of Twente Student Theses


Op de vlucht voor het wassende water? Het preparatiegedrag van burgers op een overstroming

Jannink, Lotte (2015) Op de vlucht voor het wassende water? Het preparatiegedrag van burgers op een overstroming.

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Abstract:The Netherlands is vulnerable to flooding, because half of the country is situated below water level. So far, (technical) preventive measures were taken against flooding. However, a shift is taking place, with an increased focus on the citizen. Although citizens trust that they are completely safe against possible flooding, absolute security cannot be guaranteed. Therefore, citizens have to prepare themselves better against flooding. In recent years there has been more focus on community participation. There is not only concern for the individual, but rather the interaction with people around them. The current study is to investigate which predictors influence preparedness behaviour of citizens against flooding. Through a survey (N=88) the variables risk perception, self-efficacy, response efficacy, community participation, collective efficacy, trust and empowerment are examined. The results show that only the variables self-efficacy and community participation are significant predictors of preparedness. A higher level of self-efficacy increases citizens feelings of their ability to perform actions regarding flooding. In addition, the social context plays a role. A high level of community participation shows that there is solidarity within the neighbourhood, which has a positive effect on collective actions and measures. In order to allow citizens better prepare for a flood, the government should therefore focus its attention on self-efficacy and community participation.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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