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De relatie tussen veranderingen in mentale disstress, sociale participatie en zelfeffectiviteit bij patiënten met ontstekingsreuma.

Klaus, Olga (2015) De relatie tussen veranderingen in mentale disstress, sociale participatie en zelfeffectiviteit bij patiënten met ontstekingsreuma.

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Abstract:Objective: Inflammatory rheumatism is a common disease. This disease is characterized by a chronic inflammation of the joints. Research has shown that mental distress, problems with social participation and decreased self-efficacy are related to inflammatory rheumatism. Up to now it has not yet been examined to what extent changes of these three factors in the course of time are related to each other. This study examines the extent to which changes in mental distress predict changes in social participation. Moreover this study examines to what extent changes in self-efficacy play a mediating role to changes in mental distress and social participation. Methods: 331 patients with inflammatory rheumatism filled in the course of one year three times questionnaires out. With this data hierarchical regression analyzes were performed to determine the extent to which changes in mental distress predict changes in social participation. In addition, with hierarchical regression analyzes and the PROCESS test for the significance of the mediation, the data was examined in order to determine to what extent changes in self-efficacy play a role here. Results: In all measurements predicted changes in mental distress changes in social participation in the opposite direction (b =-.147 – –.356/p < .001 – .028). The changes in mental distress and in social participation were, with one exception, at least partially mediated by changes in self-efficacy (b =.09 – .34/p < .001 – .215). Conclusion: A decrease in mental distress in the course of time was found to be strongly related to an increase in social participation. These changes in mental distress and social participation, moreover, depend in part on an increase in self-efficacy in patients with inflammatory arthritis.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/68385
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