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Helpen bij re-integratie van ex-daders : de invloed van het perspectief nemen door burgers van ex-daders

Koedijk, Melle (2015) Helpen bij re-integratie van ex-daders : de invloed van het perspectief nemen door burgers van ex-daders.

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Abstract:This study, via an online questionnaire, investigated whether perspective taking of ex-criminals by citizens could lead to pro-social behavior of citizens towards ex-criminals. A 2x2 design was used with sense of own morality (positive versus negative) and group membership (ingroup versus outgroup) as between participants factors. In all conditions participants were asked to take the perspective of an (in reality fictional) ex-criminal who committed a crime. It was expected that people were less prone to take perspective of an ex-criminal from an ingroup then from an outgroup, when they had a negative sense of own morality. Of people with a positive sense of own morality, it was expected that they were less prone to take perspective of a ex-criminal from an outgroup then of a ex-criminal from an ingroup. These expectations could not be confirmed. Furthermore, an mediation effect of the motivation to control prejudice reactions (M) for the relationship between sense of own morality and group membership (X) and the extent to which people were prone to take perspective of an ex-criminal (Y) was expected. This expectation could not be confirmed as well. Lastly, a positive relationship between the extent to which people were prone to take perspective of an ex-criminal and the extent to which they were prone to show pro-social behavior towards ex-criminals was expected. Although a marginal effect was found, this expectation could not be confirmed. Despite all this, hopeful results were found for the possibility of civilian help with the reintegration of ex-criminals. This research could to lead to further research and with that contribute to a theoretical fundament for interventions in practice. Further conclusions, limitations of the study and recommendations for further research are discussed.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/68389
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