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E-health platforms for COPD patients and their effectiveness on the health of the patient

Linn, Vivien (2015) E-health platforms for COPD patients and their effectiveness on the health of the patient.

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Abstract:Objective: This systematic review of ten studies is conducted to evaluate which kinds of e-health platforms for COPD patients exist and of what kinds of elements they compose. In addition to that it is analyzed which effects these different elements have on the patient and by that, which elements should be optimally included on e-health platforms for COPD patients to be effective. At least, the actual development of e-health platforms for COPD patients is analyzed. Background: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a rising cause of mortality. E-health platforms are potential self-management opportunities to improve patients' health. An overview about the kinds of e-health platforms and their elements does not yet exist, nor the evaluation of the effectiveness of those elements. Method: A comprehensive search strategy was designed and implemented across the databases Scopus and PubMed. The search resulted in a final sample of ten studies. Included studies had to include COPD patients as main users, the e-health platform had to be web based and patients needed to have access to their data. Selected articles had to give answer on the question, how e-health platforms are designed and how effective the different elements provided seem to be in regard to the health and satisfaction of its users. Results: There are different kinds of e-health platforms, using devices as websites, mobile phone applications and measuring instruments for health data. The provided elements of these e-health platforms are (1) information, (2) recording of personal health data, (3) education and (4) contact to professionals. Electronic health diaries and having access to the own medical results were most beneficial and most often used. Interventions regarding smoking cessation and physical activity show a positive effect on patients' health. The majority of studies can be located in the Operationalization phase and is by that not evaluated yet. Conclusion: E-health platforms for COPD patients show a positive effect on the health and satisfaction of patients and can increase the quality of life. Because findings indicated a significant gap in the literature for e-health interventions directing health outcomes as the outcome of interest, it is recommended to focus this in the future.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/68398
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