University of Twente Student Theses


Een onderzoek naar het verschil in de definitie van welbevinden tussen volwassenen in de leeftijdsgroepen 30 tot 45 en 46 tot 60 jaar.

Nawrath, S. (2015) Een onderzoek naar het verschil in de definitie van welbevinden tussen volwassenen in de leeftijdsgroepen 30 tot 45 en 46 tot 60 jaar.

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Abstract:With better healthcare the age of a population increases. This is why research must be focusing on topics that can help people to grow old in good mental health. This paper illustrates a study amongst the Dutch population with the aim of studying the definition of happiness and the meaning of life. Adults will experience a change in thinking patterns in the midlife. This could have a negative influence on the mental health of the person. This is why this study is focusing on the definitions of happiness from adults in this stage and in an earlier stage of life. The results could give a better insight in the midlife to find a possible approach to stimulate mental health. This study especially analyses the disparity between the definitions of happiness among two groups of middle aged adults (30-45 and 46-60 years old). Four questions from the Eudaimonic and Hedonic Happiness Inventory (EHHI) were used to accomplish an independent sample t-test analysis of the questions: “How do younger adults define the meaning of life in comparison to middle-aged adults” and “How do younger adults define happiness in comparison to middle-aged adults”. The data was collected from 349 participants. 260 participants fitted the criteria which were a Dutch nationality and an age between 30 and 60 years old. Results showed that happiness and meaningfulness in both groups were most often family and interpersonal relations. Furthermore work is most often used to describe meaningfulness; health most often to describe happiness. The psychological definitions of happiness are Freedom/Autonomy by younger adults and Harmony/Balance by older adults. As reasons why these findings are meaningful for the participants they most often used family, interpersonal relations and living. These results show that there are no crucial differences between the two age groups. This shows that there is no difference in the definition from happiness between the two groups and situations in which middle-aged adults and younger adults are happy. With this insight there should be further research directed at why there are people suffering from midlife crisis if the definition of happiness and situations in which somebody is happy stay the same.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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