University of Twente Student Theses


The influence of verbal sequence knowledge on motor chunk learning

Sinram, V. (2015) The influence of verbal sequence knowledge on motor chunk learning.

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Abstract:The aim of the study was to examine whether the usage of both working memory structures, the visuospatial sketchpad and the phonological loop, instead of only one can enhance task performance in sequence learning. Therefore, the current study investigated whether pre-experimental verbal sequence learning supports task performance in a discrete sequence production (DSP) task with two phases. In this research, 24 participants (students of the University of Twente) were split into two groups of which the experimental group verbally learned two sequences relevant for the practice phase whereas the control group verbally learned two sequences relevant for the test phase. The practice phase included four identical blocks, while the test block consisted of one block containing three different test conditions: a learned sequence condition, a partially learned sequence condition and a new sequence condition. The analysis of the practice phase revealed lower reaction times for the experimental group on Key 1 in Block 1, meaning that these participants needed less time to react to the stimuli than the participants of the control group. However, this effect vanished over the course of the other blocks. The analysis of the test phase revealed that the performance of both groups differed from condition to condition while there was no difference in performance between them. Verbal sequence knowledge thus benefits the generation of motor chunks and supports motor sequence learning in the first phase of learning. Additionally, motor chunks also benefit sequence performance when sequences only consist of parts of the learned sequences.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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