Psychopathologie: de reden voor ongezond gedrag? : een longitudinale studie naar de relatie tussen symptomen van psychopathologie en roken, alcohol- en drugsgebruik

Eden, R.L. (2015) Psychopathologie: de reden voor ongezond gedrag? : een longitudinale studie naar de relatie tussen symptomen van psychopathologie en roken, alcohol- en drugsgebruik.

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Abstract:Background information: Theories suggest a relationship exists between psychopathology and health behaviour. As research in recent years focused more on the possible impact of health behaviour on psychopathology, the purpose of this study was to investigate the longitudinal impact of psychopathology on health behaviours, such as smoking, drug use and alcohol consumption in the general population. With the results of this study, psychological treatments and preventions could be offered. Method: This study used survey data of 1240 Dutch adults from the LISS panel, all of whom filled out a questionnaire about psychopathological symptoms in 2007, as well as a health questionnaire in 2008. With regard to the analysis, multivariate (binary) logistic regressions were used to determine possible longitudinal association between psychopathology and drug use, alcohol consumption and smoking behaviour, corrected for gender, age, education and health behaviour in 2007. Results: A significant relationship was found between scores of psychopathology in 2007, and both drug use and alcohol consumption, a year later. After correcting for gender, age, education and health behaviour in 2007, the relation between psychopathology and drug use remained. The relation between psychopathology and alcohol consumption did not remain and was better explained by gender and alcohol consumption in 2007. In case of smoking behaviour, age was a better explanation than psychopathology. Conclusion: A longitudinal relationship exists between the symptoms of psychopathology in 2007 and drug use, a year later. This means the more symptoms a person experiences, the more likely this person will use drugs a year later. A possible explanation for this behaviour could be that people with psychological problems, such as stress and anxiety, try to reduce the symptoms by using drugs. In order to prevent this ‘self-medication’ or to affect already existing drug use indirectly, preventive actions as information sessions or psychological treatments could be carried out. . Since drug use can be an addiction, indirect interventions are probably more effective than direct change of behaviour.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/68594
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