University of Twente Student Theses

Login

De relatie tussen disfunctioneren en welbevinden in de klinische populatie

Linden, Annabel van der (2015) De relatie tussen disfunctioneren en welbevinden in de klinische populatie.

[img] PDF
481kB
Abstract:Background: Earlier research in the general Dutch population showed that well-being and psychopathology are two interrelated, but distinct dimensions. In mental health, the focus is exclusively on psychopathology. The current study examines the extent to which the two-continua model can be replicated in the clinical population and the interdependence of the various components of well-being and dysfunction. Methods: Well-being (MHC-SF) and dysfunction (OQ-45) are measured by means of a clinical population at a particular moment in time (N = 79, Mage = 40.04, SDage = 12.58). First the strength of the relationship between well-being and dysfunction is tested by way of a bivariate correlation analysis. Subsequently, by means of a cross table the participants are set off against each other in order to test the two-continua model. Finally a multiple regression analysis was done in order to test the unique consistency. Results: The two-continua model is supported in the clinical population (r = -.66; ρ < .001). Furthermore, it is shown that dysfunction in interpersonal relationships has a unique association with total (β = -.42, ρ < .01), emotional (β = -.40, ρ < .01) and psychological (β = -.40, ρ < .01) well-being after controlling for the other components of dysfunction. Psychological well-being has unique correlation with overall dysfunction (β = -.38, ρ < .01), symptomatic distress (β = -.46, ρ < .001) and dysfunction in interpersonal relationships(β = -.40, ρ < .01) after controlling for the other components of well-being. Conclusion: The results confirm, to a lesser extent than the general Dutch population, support of the two-continua model in the clinical population. Based on these results, it seems important for the mental health to not only focus on psychological symptoms, but to focus also on well-being. According to the demonstrated unique associations, it should be the focus of the complaint targeted treatment to reduce dysfunction in interpersonal relationships. The focus with respect to promoting well-being should be on the psychological well-being in order to obtain the most effective treatment results. Keywords: Well-being; psychopathology; dysfunction; two-continua model; clinical population
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/68657
Export this item as:BibTeX
EndNote
HTML Citation
Reference Manager

 

Repository Staff Only: item control page